Rheumatology - A specialty devoted to the diagnosis and therapy of conditions and diseases affecting the joints, muscles, and bones.
Arthritis - An inflammation of one or more joints, which results in pain, swelling, stiffness and limited movement. There are over 100 different types of arthritis.
Rheumatoid arthritis - a chronic inflammatory disorder that most typically affects the small joints in your hands and feet. Unlike the wear-and-tear damage of osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis affects the lining of your joints, causing a painful swelling that can eventually result in bone erosion and joint deformity.
Osteoarthritis - the most common joint disorder it is caused by ‘wear and tear’ on a joint.
Gout - a kind of arthritis that occurs when uric acid builds up in the joints. Acute gout is a painful condition that typically affects one joint. Chronic gout is repeated episodes of pain and inflammation, which may involve more than one joint.