Floating Facebook Widget
Home/Our Services/Heart Institute/Services/
<< Back | Home |


Heart Institute Services

(scroll down for expanded definitions)
Cardiothoracic & Vascular Surgery
  • Angioplasty & Stents of Extremities
  • Atrial Fibrillation
  • Automatic Implantable
    Cardioverter Defibrillator
  • Biventricular Defibrillator &
    Pacemaker
  • Cardiac Valve Surgery

  • Carotid Artery Disease
  • Carotid Endarterectomy
  • Coronary Artery Bypass
    Grafting (On & Off Pump)
  • Diagnostic Arteriography
  • Endovascular Aneurysm Repair
  • Lung Cancer Surgery
  • Minimally Invasive Surgery

  • Peripheral Artery Disease
  • Peripheral Bypass Grafting
  • Renal Dialysis Access
  • Surgical Approach to
    Esophageal Disease
  • Valvular Heart Disease
  • Video Assisted Thoracoscopy
  • Varicose vein Surgery


Preventive & General Cardiology
  • Echocardiography
    • Transthoracic
    • Transesophageal
    • Stress
  • Holter Monitoring
  • Impedance Cardiography
    • Stress Testing
    • Nuclear Cardiac Stress Testing
  • Cardiac Computed Tomography Angiography
  • Diagnostic Cardiac Catheterization

Interventional Cardiology

  • Cardiac Rehab Stage 2 & 3
  • Carotid Ultrasound
  • Coronary Stents & Angioplasty
  • Diagnostic Cardiac Catheterization
  • Echocardiography
  • Holter Monitoring
  • Event Monitoring
  • Pacemaker
  • Implantable Cardioverter
    Defibrillator Checks
  • Peripheral Artery Disease
  • Stress Testing

Electrophysiology

  • Cardiology and Cardiac Electrophysiology
  • Pacemaker and Defibrillation Implantation with follow up
  • Cardiac Arrhythmia Evaluation
  • Radio Frequency (RF) Catheter Ablation for Arrhythmia
  • Atrial Fibrillation Management and Ablation
  • Heart Failure Pacemaker and Implantable Cardioverter
  • Defibrillation (ICD) Implantation and follow up
  • Fainting Disorders




    Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery

    Aneurysm Repair – Repairs an enlarged and weakened section of the artery. This is done through a small incision in the femoral artery (located in a large muscle in the thigh and groin area).

    Angioplasty – Widens a narrowed or obstructed blood vessel and may require using a patch of the artery. This can be accomplished through surgery, or a balloon and stent procedure.

    Stent – A permanent device used to hold the artery open, improve blood fl ow to the heart muscle and relieve chest pain symptoms.

    Atrial Fibrillation – Occurs when the heart’s two small upper chambers beat irregularly.

    Automatic Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator (AICD) – Regulates the rhythm of the heart to a normal pattern. This may be done by pacing the heart, or by delivering a small shock to the heart muscle. This device is like a pacemaker, with wires in the vein leading to the heart to increase function.

    Biventricular Defibrillators & Pacemakers – Electrical devices, surgically implanted under the skin, with wires leading to the heart. These devices regulate the heart’s rhythm by sending pulses into both pumping chambers (ventricles), and helps when the heart muscle is weak.

    Heart Valve Surgery – Repairs or replaces the heart’s valves

    Carotid Artery Disease – Occurs when the major arteries in the neck become blocked or narrowed.

    Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting – A surgical procedure, performed on or off pump, used to increase blood flow by creating new routes around narrowed or blocked arteries.

    Diagnostic Arteriography – Allows doctors to view arteries in nearly every part of the body.

    Endovascular Aneurysm Repair – Consists of a stent graft being placed in an enlarged, aneurysm-affected blood vessel.

    Lung Cancer Surgery (Thoracotomy) – Used to remove all or part of the lung affected by cancer.

    Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD) – Blockage of the arteries leading to the leg, causing pain and poor circulation. This is considered the most common form of Peripheral Vascular Disease (PVD).

    Peripheral Bypass Grafting – Treats Peripheral Vascular Disease (PVD) by creating a bypass around a section of a blocked artery.

    Renal Dialysis Access Ports – Conducted by installing ports into the arms or legs, allowing blood to be sent from a dialyzer to the body; leads to a quicker and more efficient dialysis.

    Surgical Approach to Esophageal Disease – Surgery  performed to narrow the esophagus or treat esophageal cancer. This is accomplished through an incision in the abdomen and chest.

    Video-Assisted Thoracoscopy – A minimally invasive surgical technique used to diagnose and treat problems in the chest. This is performed by making a small incision in the chest and inserting a small camera called a “thorascope.”

    Interventional Cardiology

    Carotid Ultrasound – A painless test used to
    determine the amount of plaque built up in the carotid
    arteries, located on each side of the neck. This aids in
    the detection of Carotid Artery Disease.

    Coronary Stents & Angioplasty – A procedure
    used to open clogged arteries, improve symptoms
    of blocked arteries and prevent damage to the heart
    during a heart attack.

    Diagnostic Cardiac Catherization – An invasive
    imaging test that determines how well the heart is
    working.

    Echocardiography – Uses an echocardiogram to take
    a sonogram (picture) of the heart. This procedure can
    create 2-D, 3-D, or 4-D real-time images.
    Three types of Echocardiography:

    1. Transthoracic – Known as the “standard
      echo,” this echocardiogram is very simple
      and painless to perform

    2. Transesophageal – Conducted by placing a
      probe in the patient’s esophagus

    3. Stress - Combines the simple transthoracic
      echocardiogram with an exercise, or
      chemical stress test to show what the heart
      looks like when it is working harder
    Holter Monitoring – Monitors the electrical activity
    of the heart with portable units worn for more than 24
    hours.

    Event Monitoring – A portable, heart-monitoring
    device that patients may plug into a telephone line to
    transmit data back and forth to the reviewing
    cardiologist.

    Pacemaker – Regulates a patient’s heartbeat with
    small electrical pulses.

    Implantable Cardiovascular Defibrillator (ICD)
    Check – Checking ICDs to insure they are
    working properly. ICDs aid in the correction of
    life-threatening heart rhythm problems; can also work
    as a pacemaker.

    Peripheral Artery Disease – Refers to the
    development of blocked arteries outside the heart.
    This can be detected by conducting a simple screening
    known as an Ankle-Brachial Index (ABI) Test.
    Ankle-Brachial Index (ABI) – A measurement used
    to evaluate one’s circulation in the legs and arms.

    Stress Testing – A physical or chemical test used to
    check for signifi cant blockages in arteries.
    Two Types of Stress Testing:
    1. General Stress Testing – Performed by
      using either medication or physical
      exercise to check the heart’s function

    2. Nuclear Cardiac Stress Testing – Requires
      an injection of radioactive medication
      into the bloodstream only seen by
      special equipment. This allows
      physicians to monitor and study the
      heart’s blood flow
    Stage 2 Cardiac Rehab – An outpatient, monitored,
    supervised exercise program for patients.

    Stage 3 Cardiac Rehab – An unmonitored, mildly
    supervised exercise program for patients who want to
    continue rehabilitation, after stage 2 rehab, with
    minimal support.

    Impedence Cardiography – Uses electrical signals
    to determine the blood fl ow properties through the
    aorta.

    Cardiac Computed Tomography Angiography
    – Uses a CT scanner to look at the structure of the
    heart’s blood vessels.


    Cardiology

    Echocardiography – Uses an echocardiogram to take
    a sonogram (picture) of the heart. This procedure can
    create 2-D, 3-D, or 4-D real-time images.
       Three types of Echocardiography:
    1. Transthoracic – Known as the “standard echo,” this echocardiogram is very simple
      and painless to perform

    2. Transesophageal – Conducted by placing a
      probe in the patient’s esophagus

    3. Stress - Combines the simple transthoracic
      echocardiogram with an exercise, or chemical
      stress test to show what the heart looks like
      when it is working harder

    Holter Monitoring – Monitors the electrical activity
    of the heart through portable units worn for more than
    24 hours.

    Impedance Cardiography – Uses electrical signals to
    determine the blood fl ow properties through the aorta.

    Stress Testing – A physical or chemical test used to
    check for significant blockages in arteries.
       Two Types of Stress Testing:
    1. General Stress Testing – Performed by using either medication or physical
      exercise to check the heart’s function

    2. Nuclear Cardiac Stress Testing – Requires
      an injection of radioactive medication
      into the bloodstream that is seen only by
      special equipment. This allows
      physicians to monitor and study the
      heart’s blood flow

    Cardiac Computed Tomography Angiography
    Uses a CT scanner to look at the structure of the heart’s blood vessels.

    Diagnostic Cardiac Catheterization – An invasive
    imaging test that determines how well the heart is
    working.

    Electrophysiology

    Cardiac Electrophysiology – The study of the
    electrical system of the heart.

    Pacemaker Implantation – The installation
    of a device that regulates the heart’s rate and
    rhythm.

    Defibrillator Implantation – The installation
    of a device that detects arrhythmias and
    delivers electrical therapy as necessary.

    Follow-up for Pacemaker and Defibrillator
    Implantation – The monitoring and adjustment
    of pacemakers or ICDs after they have been
    installed. This includes remote (from home)
    testing.

    Cardiac Arrhythmia Evaluation – A
    number of studies and tests, including
    Electrophysiology Studies, that are used as
    tools to diagnose heart rhythm disturbances.

    Radio Frequency Catheter Ablation for
    Arrhythmia – A treatment used to destroy
    tissues that cause arrhythmias.

    Atrial Fibrillation Management – Treatment
    of the most common cardiac arrhythmia.

    Cardiac Ablation – A non-invasive cardiac
    procedure that disrupts abnormal rhythms in the
    heart and restores a normal heartbeat.

    Fainting Disorder Treatments – Treatment for
    a number of cardiac issues that cause fainting.
    Tilt Table Testing – A testing to evaluate
    fainting and dizzy spells.

    Heart Failure Pacemakers and ICDs - The
    use of specialized devices to treat patients with
    congestive heart failure.






    Notice of Privacy Practices | Patient Rights/Responsibilities
    Terms of Use | Comments, Concerns | Joint Commission Contact

    Facebook Twitter YouTube Pinterest


    Pikeville Medical Center | 911 Bypass Road | Pikeville, KY | 41501

    606-218-3500



    Our mission is to provide quality regional health care in a Christian environment.

    ©2005-2014 Pikeville Medical Center
    E-mail our Webmaster to report Website problems.

    Mayo, Mayo Clinic and Mayo Clinic Care Network are trademarks of Mayo Clinic.